Nowadays, international trade has increased in terms of both intensity and volume, and in parallel to this increase, it is observed that the legal disputes between the parties have also been in an upward trend. On the other hand, due to the dynamic nature of commercial life, resolution of the legal disputes between the parties -in the fastest and most effective way- is frequently requested. In the light of all these developments, the demand for alternative dispute resolution methods which are faster and more flexible than state courts, that have an excessive workload due to various factors, is increasing, especially in the context of international commercial disputes.
It can easily be said that international arbitration, which aims to ensure rapid, practical and fair resolution of international legal disputes, is the most commonly used method in alternative dispute resolution methods that include reconciliation, mediation etc.
Today, international arbitration centers are available in many different parts of the world and the numbers of these centers are increasing. Thus, dispute parties, who have a large variety of choices, apply to the most appropriate arbitration center for their dispute resolution by considering some parameters like arbitration costs, knowledge on international legislation and location.
The Milan Chamber of Arbitration, that established within the “Camera di Commercio di Milano Monza Brianza Lodi” (Milan Chamber of Commerce), is a deep-rooted institution that has been serving since 1985 on resolution of commercial disputes, that occurred both inside and outside of Italy, by peaceful means. This institution mostly specializes in commercial dispute resolution and it operates in accordance with the principles of neutrality and transparency. Without prejudice to the eccentric circumstances, the Chamber conducts its proceedings in accordance with the Arbitration Rules (2010). Milan Chamber of Arbitration, that has two bodies in the form of the Arbitral Council and the Secretariat, also provides material and publications for those who wish to develop their knowledge and keep up-to-date in the field of alternative justice through “the Research and Documentation Centre G. Schiavoni”.
Considering the developments in the recent years, it’s observed that Italy-Turkey relations are very strong in both political and economic mean. In this context, it’s considered that sharing of the below data of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Turkey is beneficial*;
1. Turkey's economic ties with Italy are very strong. In 2017, bilateral trade volume increased by 11.1% comparing to the previous year and it reached approximately 20 billion Dollars.
2. Italy was Turkey's fifth largest trading partner in 2017 and -among all countries- it ranked sixth with regard to Turkey’s exports. Besides, Italy was the fifth country that Turkey most imports from.
3. By the end of June 2018, 1.432 Italian companies were active in Turkey and Italy ranked 11th in respect to the foreign companies operating in Turkey.
4. Within the period between 2002 and September 2018, total Italian investments in Turkey was 3 billion 569 million Dollars, while Turkey's investments in Italy was 412 million Dollars in the same period.
5. Within the January-September period of 2018, bilateral trade volume increased by 5% compared to the same period of the previous year and was realized as 14 billion 946 million Dollars.
6. The bilateral trade volume figures with Italy are targeted to increase to 30 billion Dollars in 2020.
7. The first meeting of the “Joint Economic and Trade Commission” (JETCO) was held in Istanbul on February 22nd, 2017. The following meeting is expected to be held in Italy in the coming period.
The above mentioned figures and information give important clues about how large the trade volume and capacity between Italy and Turkey is. Additionally, the fact that the Italian Chamber of Commerce in Turkey, which is an association based in Turkey, has more than 700 members -both Italian and Turkish- also reveals the extent of the commercial relationship between the two countries.
In conclusion, it can be easily said that the preferences of the parties regarding the resolution authority for their disputes are in favor of arbitration centers. In this framework, it is of great importance to choose correct arbitration center for resolution of commercial disputes that may arise in the context of Turkish-Italian trade relations. Considering the experience, knowledge and infrastructure opportunities it has, it must be said that Milan Chamber of Arbitration should be one of the primary solution authorities of the disputes that may arise in the context of Turkish-Italian trade relations.